Volume 3, Issue 32 (Spring & Summer 2016 2016)                   2016, __(32): 1-19 | Back to browse issues page


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Barkhordari R. The challenges of higher education based on Friedrich Nietzsche's critique of modern culture. . 2016; 3 (32) :1-19
URL: http://erj.khu.ac.ir/article-1-108-en.html
University of Kharazmi
Abstract:   (5382 Views)

As has been indicated in some documents, the higher education as an institution has been large history-more than eight century- and in this large history, important event has been happened. Higher education in modern era follows the modernity as encompass movement by the components such as scientism, individualism, mass production, technicism. Arising such tendencies in higher education has encounter to ancient higher education values. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche-19th German Philosopher- is one of the major philosophers that critique such modernity values. In current paper there has been explained his views on mass culture and authenticity, and mentioned their sins in modern higher education. Philosopher as medic and philosopher as sculptor are tow metaphors that used as tow task of diagnostic and prognostic for philosopher. At the first level there were diagnose the sins of illness in higher education on nietzche’s perspective (mass reception of candidates for being student in university, dominant of quantity in all aspects of higher education, dominant of scientific methods as the legal methods, absence of aesthetic realm and etc. and at the second level the task of prognosis evolution in the mentioned component were explained.

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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Educational Philosophy
Received: 2016/07/26 | Accepted: 2017/04/11 | Published: 2017/05/7

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Comment sent by نام یا پست الکترونیک on 2018/04/9
بزرگترین بیماری روانی بشر

ولی در عرصه شناخت مدرن و مدرنیته فقط چیزهایی ارزش دارد که قابل تبدیل به قدرت مادی باشد و قابل خرج کردن باشد از جمله زیبائی. و اصلاً حتی کالاهای صنعتی هم برای جلب مشتری بایستی زیبا باشند تا چه رسد به انسان. و نیز آن انسانی که دارای اشیای زیباتری هست زیباست و گرنه زشت تلقی می شود حتی در نزد خودش : خانه زیبا، ماشین زیبا، مبل زیبا و لباسهای زیبا و ظروف زیبا. در اینجا می توان " زیبائی" را بعنوان بزرگترین بیماری روانی بشر ملاحظه کرد. این بیماری همان زشت شدگی انسان است. به بیان دیگر بشر بمیزانی که زشت می شود بیماریها هم از وی بروز می کنند. زشتی و بیماری یکی است. اینست که ایدز و کادیلاک شدیداً امری واحد هستند بهمراه دریایی از لوازم آرایش و یک لشکر از متخصصانی که شبانه روز در خدمت زیبا سازی صاحبان این کالاها و امراض قرار دارند و برق و چراغانی ها و نور افکنی ها.

استاد علی اکبر خانجانی

کتاب شناخت شناسی ص ۱۱۹

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